The customs Agency, is a non-economic public body established by Legislative Decree n° 300 dated 30th July 1999.
As a customs authority, ensuring full compliance with the community legislation, it carries out control activities, assessment and verification with regards to goods circulation and to internal taxation related to international exchange guaranteeing the collection of 15,2 billion euro (VAT and duties). It also verifies and controls exchange, production and consumption of products and natural resources subject to excise duties, collecting every year in this sector around 33,6 billion euro. Furthermore, it puts into place prevention activities and fights against crimes not involving taxes, such as illegal trade of counterfeit products or of products not complying with health and safety legislation, arms, drugs, items of cultural heritage illicit trafficking of waste, as well as international trade of endangered animal and plant species, protected by Washington Convention. It collects statistical data in order to prepare the trade balance.
The mission outlined in the community and national legislation is quite complex operationwise because of the need to carry out controls on trade in real time For this purpose, the Agency adopted advanced management tools, developing a control system on the most sophisticated risk analysis techniques, which with efficiency and effectiveness allow to head-off whatever delay may affect competitiveness of national companies. The electronic Customs clearance service integrating control activities, processes on average an operation every 1.5 seconds.
As of the 1st of December 2012 in compliance with Decree Law n° 6 of July 2012 n. 95 converted into Law n. 135 dated 7th August 2012, the customs Agency merged with the Independent Administration of the State Monopolies taking the new name of Customs and Monopolies Agency.
The Agency set up the activities needed to carry out the actual integration between the two pre-existing structures. At the moment the organization is articulated into two areas: Customs and Monopolies.
It counts 9.000 employees and is organized in central, regional, interregional and interprovincial directions (Bolzano and Trento) with functions of guidance, coordination and control. The organizational chart also includes the following structures, having a territorial impact and carrying out operational tasks: 80 Customs offices, 175 territorial operation sections and 15 chemical laboratories. The latter, claiming more than 500 accredited analytical determinations ISO EN 17025, carry out activities relating to product analysis with institutional ends, and also offer services on the market, in the industrial fields of organic, inorganic and food products, included transgenic products (OGM) and gem material.
Within the Agency there is (S.A.I.S.A.), -the Independent Service of interventions in the agricultural field which performs the formalities needed to grant community aid related to the exportation of agricultural products.
In the last years great changes took place as to the volume and the composition of the goods traded, as a consequence the ways customs controls were carried out necessarily demanded an improvement. Because of the need to contain public expenditure this imposed an updating of the organization, of tools, of operational procedures and of training addressed to officials in charge of putting into place such controls.
It deals with the sector of public gaming in Italy, it constantly verifies the compliance of the licensees and of traders of the gaming sector to the rules and fights against illegal gaming. It also carries out a control activity on production, distribution and sale of manufactured tobacco and ensures the regular flow of taxes which affect the consumption of manufactured tobacco.
The Monopolies Area was established after the merger of the Independent Administration of State Monopolies with the customs Agency.
It counts almost 2.400 employees and is divided, at the central level, in five Central Directions depending from a deputy Director.
At a territorial level, the organization of the monopolies area is divided into 14 regional offices, which are competent, at a local level, to carry out those activities relating to gaming and manufactured tobacco.
The Monopolies Area of the Agency carries out all those activities aiming at regulating and controlling the gaming sector and keeps some of the traditional competences on products resulting from the manufacturing of tobacco.
The State is part of this management, both in the game and tobacco sector, because it ensures the collection of taxes at a level compatible with the protection of other important public interests: the protection of consumers, especially of minors, of the weak population brackets and the fight against illegal acts. Of equal importance is the role which fosters the development of economic activities, of manufacturing and distribution, which are now significant in terms of wealth creation and employment.
In particular, in the gaming sector the Agency performs its role by laying down the guidelines for a dynamic and rational evolution of the sector, constantly monitoring the behavior of the traders with the aim of guaranteeing a legal and responsible gaming environment in a widely monitored and technologically advanced context. Furthermore, together with other organisms such as (Guardia di Finanza, - military corps dealing with customs, excise and tax crimes - Carabinieri - military corps having civil police duties -, State Police, SIAE), it fights against all illegal phenomena related to gaming and it puts into place actions aiming at improving tax collection.
In the field of manufacturing tobacco the Agency monitors all the procedures related to excise duties collection, and it does so also carrying out direct controls intended to fight against irregularities and tax evasion. It also controls the retail sale tariff and the network of tobacconists, and performs the technical verifications needed to guarantee the compliance of such products with the national and community legislation.